Patterns are an essential part of Taekwondo, Forms, or Poomse in Korean language, are a series of defending and attacking movements performed against imaginary opponents in a set pattern.
Through the practice of forms, students come to learn the applications of various techniques of Taekwondo. Forms serve a multi-dimensional role, aiding in development and refinement of coordination, balance, timing, breath control and rhythm, all of which are essential skills
Reason for Patterns are to enables the students to go through many fundamental movements in series, to develop sparring techniques, improve. flexibility of movements, master body shifting, build muscles and breath control, develop fluid and smooth motions, and gain rhythmical movements. It also enables a student to acquire certain special techniques which cannot be obtained from either fundamental exercises or sparring. pattern, the ledger of every movement, is a series of sparring, power, feats and characteristic. Though sparring may merely indicate that an opponent is more or less advanced, patterns are a more critical barometer in evaluating an individual’s technique.
1.Pattern should begin and end at exactly the same spot. This will indicate the performer’s accuracy.
2.Correct posture and facing must be maintained at all times.
3.Muscles of the body should be either tensed or relaxed at the proper critical moments in the exercise.
4.The exercise should be performed in a rhythmic movement with an absence of stiffness.
5.Movement should be accelerated or decelerated according to the instructions in this book.
6.Each pattern should be perfected before moving to the next.
7.Students should know the purpose of each movement.
8.Students should perform each movement with realism.
9.Attack and defense techniques should be equally distributed among right and left hands and feet